Stop Estimating and Start Repair Planning: WMABA’s Annual Meeting Recap

by Chasidy Rae Sisk

Michael Bradshaw (K&M Collision; Hickory, NC) believes it’s time to stop estimating.

“Many shops want to write estimates for every customer, but it’s time-consuming and often a waste of time because a large subset of customers are just looking for the cheapest estimate,” he stressed to the room full of collision repair professionals, gathered at Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) in Alexandria, VA for WMABA’s Annual Membership Dinner. “We don’t write estimates in our shop because they’re inaccurate; we cannot determine what the vehicle needs until we disassemble the vehicle and conduct repair research.

“If our estimate goes up dramatically after we tear down the vehicle, the customer is upset…We put ourselves in a bad position from the start by not explaining what’s needed to get an accurate cost,” he explained. “So, we sell our customers on the process of being thorough and getting it right the first time instead of merely taking a guess.”

Instead, Bradshaw believes that shops should be writing repair plans, which are more accurate and efficient. As a result, they cause fewer delays and less administrative burden by reducing the number of supplements needed. Writing an accurate repair plan begins with accessing reliable sources, such as OEM information, Motor’s Guide to Estimating, the Database Enhancement Gateway (DEG), the Blueprint Optimization Tool, the Society of Collision Repair Specialists (SCRS) website, Refinish Manufacturer Tech Info, and I-CAR’s Repairability Technical Support.

Using an actual repair plan on a Honda Pilot quarter panel from K&M Collision, Bradshaw reviewed the many steps that shops take when blueprinting a vehicle yet often neglect to include on estimates. Simply preparing for the repair blueprint includes numerous tasks, such as pre-washing, which Honda specifically recommends since it’s “impossible to properly inspect a dirty vehicle for damage.” He also stressed the importance of documentation, advising that his shop’s average workflow includes around 200 photos. During the pre-scan, shops should document the ADAS components on the vehicle and identify which calibrations are likely to be needed.

In addition to the mechanical/electrical and refinish operations, as well as the ADAS calibrations that might be included on a quarter panel replacement, Bradshaw also reviewed the structural operations that should be considered, observing, “If it’s attached using welding, weld-bonding or rivet-bonding, it’s structural. Period.”

“The repair blueprint essentially needs to tell the story of what you’re going to be doing to the vehicle,” Bradshaw emphasized. “It takes a little more time to be detailed, but you’re never going to collect what you’re worth if you’re putting everything on one line. When you break it out and show exactly what you’re doing, how many more labor hours could you legitimately pick up?”

Ultimately, Bradshaw revealed his blueprinting totals on the example he used, which included 35.6 hours of body labor, 33.4 hours of paint labor, 13.6 hours of mechanical labor, three hours of frame labor, one hour of diagnostic labor and 45 hours of structural labor. Once parts, materials and taxes were added, the total bill totalled $21,421.96 to put a quarter panel on the car.

“This is a good example because on the hundreds of estimates I see, I mostly see body and paint labor; but there are 12 labor types within CCC,” WMABA Board member John Shoemaker (BASF) pointed out. “You don’t see any frame or structural, yet your techs have done the same repair Michael just illustrated. They’re performing these repairs, so why aren’t you charging for it?”

Acknowledging that K&M struggled to get properly compensated for some line items at first, Bradshaw discussed the shop’s decision to take legal action and support customers in pursuing the Appraisal Clause in multiple cases.

“A lot of people believe they can’t do this, but if you could see where we were just 10 years ago…It’s about grinding and being consistent with your staff and how you do things in your business. If you can lead by example, others in your organization can buy in. Develop a plan and stick to it. Implementing QC processes to correctly prepare your repair plan can make a world of difference.”

State of the Industry

Prior to Bradshaw’s presentation, WMABA Executive Director Jordan Hendler updated attendees on some of the association’s key initiatives, such as representing its membership at national meetings including the Collision Industry Conference (CIC) and SEMA, and highlighted the value of WMABA’s affiliation with national organizations like SCRS and the Alliance of Automotive Service Providers (AASP). She gave a nod to the SCRS benefits package that “lowers fees like you’re a corporation, even though you’re a small business.” Get more details about SCRS’ 401(k) plan and health insurance offerings on page 16.

WMABA also sponsors the DEG, where collision repairers can submit inquiries to the database providers about inaccurate times and missing operations, parts, numbers, procedures and more. “Even if the inquiry only results in a 0.2 hour difference, if that applies to thousands of jobs, the industry could be leaving millions on the table,” Hendler noted. “Inquiries often result in changes while the car is still in the shop, so that goes right to your bottom line. People assume those guides are tested, but YOU are the guinea pigs. The shops are the testing ground. When a technician or painter sees something in the database that looks wrong, they’re probably right…and they will feel vindicated and supported when it’s adjusted in their favor.” File an inquiry with the DEG at

In addition to plugging the 2022-2023 Labor Rate Survey (see page 14) and reminding attendees to mark their calendars for the 2023 Southeast Collision Conference (more details on page 8), Hendler provided information on a new initiative to increase industry outreach to vo-tech schools, which WMABA is piloting with NVCC and Center of Applied Technology (CAT) North in Severn, MD.

“We want to come up with a solid, easy-to-follow plan for shops to not only get involved with local schools, but also to help students assimilate into a shop. We know that’s a huge gap because shops are busy and struggle to pair these students with seasoned techs; you don’t know what to do with them, so it becomes, ‘I don’t know…why don’t you go wash this or sweep that?’ And that’s discouraging. We want to prevent that from happening by building a blueprint of how to grow your own technicians in the shop to help them become productive as technicians, painters and estimators.”

WMABA’s Annual Membership Dinner also included a tour of the host’s facility as well as a brief presentation by Automotive and Collision Program Head Laura Garcia at NVCC, which is “the only post secondary collision program in the area,” as she shared. During COVID, the campus considered closing the program, but Garcia rallied industry voices who promoted the need for the program, keeping it alive; in fact, enrollment for the 2022-2023 school year was completely full by July, demonstrating increasing student demand. (Learn more about NVCC in last month’s Hammer & Dolly, available at

Although NVCC has already begun teaching I-CAR curriculum for the first time, “we have a lot of work to do to resurrect this program from the ground up,” Garcia said. “We need to take that next step by establishing a solid system so we’re doing the training we need to do, but we also need to make sure these up-and-coming technicians are paired up with shops that know how to train them.”

Garcia also identified NVCC’s current needs, inviting industry professionals to join the program’s advisory committee and expressing the need for a part-time adjunct instructor. Those interested in helping in either capacity can contact Garcia at

Want more? Check out the February 2023 issue of Hammer & Dolly: